Friday, 28 September 2012
Gandhiji & The Nobel Peace Prize
This is a picture of Mahatma Gandhi, in London in 1931. This public domain picture is courtesy of Wikipedia.
The Nobel Peace Prize is presented every year on 10 December, which is the death anniversary of the founder of this award, Alfred Nobel.
Mohandas Gandhi (October 2, 1869 - January 30, 1948) was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize award five times in 1937, 1938, 1939, 1947 and 1948.
The last time Mahatma Gandhi was nominated was in 1948, but he was assassinated on 30 January 1948 by Nathuram Godse, just two days before the closing date for that year’s Nobel Peace Prize nominations.
On 18 November 1948, the Norwegian Nobel Committee, then announced that it had found no suitable living candidate for the award, hence in 1948 there was no Nobel Peace Prize winner.
The Committee has confirmed that Gandhi was nominated in 1937, 1938, 1939, 1947 and 1948.Not giving Mahatma Gandhi the award has been publicly regretted by later members of the Nobel Committee including Geir Lundestad, Secretary of Norwegian Nobel Committee in 2006, who is quoted as saying that "The greatest omission in our 106-year history is undoubtedly that Mahatma Gandhi never received the Nobel Peace prize. "
But according to the rules of the Nobel Foundation in force at that time, the Nobel Prize could, under certain circumstances, be awarded posthumously. Therefore it was possible to give Gandhiji the award. However as per the opinion of the Swedish prize-awarding institutions, posthumous awards should not be given unless the candidate died after the Committee’s decision had been made.So that's the truth for you.